Hi, welcome to Ovarian Cyst Symptoms and Signs site – I’m Ana
Firstly let me shout out a big welcome to you. I started this site because like a lot of women, I suffered from ovarian cysts and have been looking for more that just a “quick fix” for this problem. For as long as I know, I’ve been on a constant mission to find a solution to numerous woman’s issues that I have been experiencing – PMS, painful periods, and ovarian cysts, and only just recently was I able to discover the true solution that works by treating the causes and not just the symptoms of the problem.
Many women will have ovarian cysts at some point of their life. Some women will have no symptoms, but many will experience discomfort, excessive menstrual bleeding, painful periods and pain in the pelvic region. Other symptoms include a distended abdomen, which can mimic the early stages of pregnancy.
Ovarian cysts are related to hormones being out of balance. If you correct your hormone imbalance that causes ovarian cysts you will greatly reduce the problems.
What is an ovarian cyst?
An ovarian cyst is a semisolid material that develops inside the ovarian tissue. The cyst develops when a follicle fails to rupture and release the egg during the normal cycle. They start as a small fluid filled sac that develops inside a woman’s ovary, and become semisolid later on. Cysts can also appear during the formation of the corpus luteum in the hormonal cycle.
Any ovarian follicle that is large than about 2 centimeters is considered an ovarian cyst. Cysts can vary in size from a small, pea-sized sacs, to larger than a tennis ball or an orange.
Ovarian cysts are quite common, and although they may affect women of all ages, they mostly happen to women in the child-bearing years. Most ovarian cysts are functional in nature.
Most ovarian cysts are harmless. Normally, they dissolve on their own within a few weeks, so the woman may not even be aware of their existence. Some cysts may cause problems such as rupturing, bleeding, or pain; and surgery may be necessary to remove the cyst(s), especially if they are larger than five centimeters in diameter.
Ovarian Cyst Symptoms
Although experiencing certain symptoms may indicate the presence of a cyst in woman’s ovary, none of these symptoms by itself is a positive sign of an ovarian cyst.
Most often, you will not have any symptoms, so the way most cysts are detected is during a regular check-up or on an ultrasound.
Anything unusual about your period can be an indication:
- Irregular menstrual cycles. Especially if the cycles have been regular it may be a sign for concern.
- Vaginal spotting between periods
- Excessive bleeding
- Unexplained weight gain
- Pelvic pain that may be spreading to the lower back
- Pain and pressure in the pelvic area and abdomen
- Pelvic pain after strenuous exercise or sexual intercourse
- Pain or pressure with urination or bowel movements
- Tender breast
- Feeling of fullness, bloating in the abdomen
An unusual menstrual cycle can indicate the possibility of having ovarian cysts, especially if your cycle has always been regular.
Remember, a symptom experienced by itself is not a reason for immediate alarm, but you may want to see your doctor for a consultation when a combination of two or more are recognized.
Severe Ovarian Cyst Symptoms: When Should You Seek Medical Attention?
Sometimes ovarian cyst can cause symptoms that may require immediate medical attention. If you experience any of these signs, contact your doctor immediately or go to a hospital’s emergency room:
- Abdominal tenderness or severe abdominal or pelvic pain that appears suddenly
- Persistent fever
- Shortness of breath
- Persistent nausea and vomiting
- Weakness, dizziness, or feeling faint, especially from standing
- High or low blood pressure unrelated to medications
- Excessive thirst or urination
- Unexplained shoulder pain combined with abdominal pain
- Unexplained weight gain
Diagnosis of Ovarian Cyst
Generally speaking, the ovarian cysts are quite difficult to diagnose based on the signs experienced by the woman. A lot of times there are no signs at all or the signs are not clear.
Most ovarian cyst cases are diagnosed not as a result of the presence of clear ovarian cyst symptoms but rather during an individual’s annual examination.
Cysts that persist beyond two or three menstrual cycles, or occur in post-menopausal women, may indicate more serious disease and should be investigated through ultrasonography and laparoscopy, especially in cases where family members have had ovarian cancer. Such cysts may require surgical biopsy. Additionally, a blood test may be taken before surgery to check for elevated CA-125, a tumor marker, which is often found in increased levels in ovarian cancer, although it can also be elevated by other conditions resulting in a large number of false positives. Source: Wikipedia
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